E X T O X N E T
Extension Toxicology Network
A Pesticide Information Project of Cooperative Extension Offices of
Cornell University, Michigan State University, Oregon State University, and
University of California at Davis. Major support and funding was provided
by the USDA/Extension Service/National Agricultural Pesticide Impact
Publication Date: 9/93
TRADE OR OTHER NAMES
Trade names for commercial products containing iprodione include
Kidon, Rovral, Chipco 26019, LFA 2043, NRC 910, DOP 500F, and Verison.
The compound is used in formulations with numerous other fungicides such
as thiabendazole and carbendazim. It is compatible with most other
Iprodione is a dicarboximide contact fungicide used to control a
wide variety of crop diseases. It is used on vegetables, ornamentals,
pome and stone fruit, root crops, cotton and sunflowers to control a
wide variety of fungal pests. It may also be used as a post harvest
fungicide and as a seed treatment. Iprodione inhibits the germination
of spores and the growth of the fungal mat (mycelium).
Chipco 26019 is a Restricted Use Pesticide (RUP) for spring and
summer diseases on turf and ornamentals. The use of Rovral is also
restricted to various diseases on fruit, vegetables and some crops.
Most other products containing iprodione are general use pesticides.
RUPs may be purchased and used only by certified applicators.
Iprodione is a slightly toxic compound and carries the signal word
CAUTION on the label.
The oral LD50 for iprodione is 3,500 mg/kg in rats, 4,000 mg/kg in
mice, and greater than 4,400 mg/kg in rabbits (1). No dermal toxic
effects were noted at doses of 2,500 mg/kg in the rat and at 1,000 mg/kg
in the rabbit (3). Inhalation toxicity is also low for this compound.
The inhalation LC50 for iprodione (4-h) is greater than 3.3 mg/l in the
Rats fed high doses of iprodione (1,000 mg/kg) for a year and an
half suffered no ill effects. Dogs fed even higher doses (2400 mg/kg)
for the same period of time did not develop any adverse effects from the
pesticide either (3). These results seem to contradict the results
found in other studies listed below, therefore the risk of toxicity to
humans from low level chronic exposure to the compound is impossible to
Female rats were fed iprodione over three successive generation.
No effects on reproduction were noted at doses at and below the low dose
of 25 mg/kg. Reproductive effects (lower kidney weights in the third
generation females) were observed at doses of 100 mg/kg (4).
There were no developmental effects noted in the offspring of
pregnant rats fed relatively low levels of iprodione (at or below doses
of 90 mg/kg). The dose rate of 200 mg/kg did elicit some developmental
toxicity in the rats. The specific nature of that toxic response was
not noted in the reference (4). Rabbits responded similarly to
iprodione exposure. The animals did not develop any dose related
toxicity at or below 90 mg/kg. but did develop toxicity at 200 mg/kg
No information is currently available.
A two year feeding experiment with rats showed no cancer related
effects at doses up to the moderately low levels (as compared to the
LD50) of 50 mg/kg (4). Another cancer study conducted for a year and a
half with mice also produced no cancer related effects at doses up to
178 mg/kg (4).
Beagle dogs were fed relatively low doses (up to 90 mg/kg/day) of
iprodione for one year. At doses starting at 15 mg/kg the dogs had
decreased prostrate weights and changes within red blood cells (damage
to the hemoglobin molecules). At the highest dose (90 mg/kg), the dogs
exhibited liver and kidney weight increases. The females also had a
slight decrease in the uterus weights. No effects were noted below the
4.2 mg/kg dose (2).
Mice administered a single injection of iprodione at high doses
(330 mg/kg) experienced only limited changes in kidney function.
Fate in Humans and Animals
Information on animal metabolism of iprodione is either currently
lacking or was unavailable at the time of the writing of this profile
Iprodione is only slightly toxic to wildfowl. Its LD50 in bobwhite
quail is 930 mg/kg (3). Iprodione is moderately toxic to fish species,
with LC50 values ranging from 2.25 mg/l in the sunfish to 6.7 mg/l in
the rainbow trout (1).
Iprodione is non-toxic to bees and thus should not pose a risk to
them when used as directed.
A bioconcentration factor of 360 has been noted for iprodione in
carp indicating that the compound does not significantly concentrate in
Iprodione alone or in combinations with several other fungicides
was not toxic to plants (phytotoxic) (6).
The half-life of iprodione in soil ranges from 20 to 160 days (1).
Degradation rates vary with soil acidity, soil clay content and with
history of the soil fungicide treatment. Soils that had been treated
consistently with iprodione for ten or more years had slower or little
breakdown of the compound vinclozolin while soil that had been treated
with vinclozolin had quick degradation rates of vinclozolin and
Information on the presence or absence of iprodione in ground water
or in surface is currently unavailable.
|NOEL: ||4.2 mg/kg (rat)
|ADI: ||0.3 mg/kg (human)
|RfD: ||0.042 mg/kg/day
|CAS #: ||36734-19-7
|Chemical name: ||3-(3,5-dichlorophenyl)-N-(1-methylethyl)2,4-dioxo-1-imidazoline-carboximide
|Chemical class/use: ||dicarboximide fungicide
|Solubility in water: ||13 mg/l at 20 degrees C
|Solubility in other solvents: ||25 g/l ethanol; 25 g/l methanol; 150 g/l acetonitrile; 150 g/l toluene; 200 g/l benzene; 300 g/l acetone; 500 g/l dimethylformamide, all at 20 degrees C.
|Melting Point: ||136 degrees C
|Vapor Pressure: ||less than 0.133 mPa at 20 degrees C
|Kow: ||1,260 at 22 degrees C
P.O. Box 12014
2 T.W. Alexander Dr.
Research Triangle Park, NC 27709
Review by Basic Manufacturer:
Comments solicited: November, 1992
The Agrochemicals Handbook. 1991. The Royal Society of Chemistry.
National Library of Medicine. 1992. Hazardous Substance Databank.
Worthing, Charles R. 1991. The Pesticide Manual: A World
Compendium. Ninth Edition. The British Crop Protection Council.
The Federal Register. Rules and Regulations. Monday, January 29,
1990. Volume 55 number 19. P 2834.
Martin, C, P. Davet, D. Vega and C. Cosste. 1991. Field
Effectiveness and biodegradation of cyclic imides in lettuce field
soils. Pesticide Science. V 32 (4) p. 427-438.
Suta, V. M. Trandafirescu, V. Popescu, E. Voica, and S. Fugel.
1979. Proceedings of the British Crop Protection Conference - Pests and
Diseases. page 103.
Rankin, G.O. 1989. Comparative Acute Renal Effects of Three
Carboximide Fungicides: Succinimide, Vinclozolin and Iprodione.
Toxicology. June 16; 56(3):263-272.