Carbon Tetrachloride - Pesticide Fact Sheet 9/86
EPA Pesticide Fact Sheet
Name of Chemical: Carbon Tetrachloride
Reason for Issuance: Conclusion of Special Review
Date Issued: September, 1986
Fact Sheet Number: 102
1. DESCRIPTION OF CHEMICAL
Generic name: Carbon Tetrachloride
Common name: same
Trade name: Benzinoform, Carbona, CAS 56-235, Dowfume 75, ENT 4705,
Flukoide, Halon 104
EPA Shaughnessy Code (CAS) number: 016501
Chemical Abstracts Service (CAS) number: 56-23-5
Year of Initial Registration: 1956
Pesticide Type: Fumigant
Chemical family: Chlorinated hydrocarbon
2. USE PATTERNS AND FORMULATIONS
Application sites: Harvested grains throughout storage transfer, milling,
distribution, and processing phases, fumigation of museum
Type of formulations: Gas
Types and methods of application: Fumigation
3. SCIENCE FINDINGS
Physical and Chemical Characteristics
- Physical state: Liquid
- Color: Colorless
- Odor: Strong ether-like odor
- Boiling Point: 76.75 degrees C
- Freezing Point: -23 degrees C
- Vapor Density: 5.32 (air=l)
- Melting Point: -23 degrees C (-9 degrees F)
4. REGULATORY POSITION
- Position Document 1 issued October 15, 1980.
- OPP issued a Data-Call-In Notice in March 1984 requiring submission of
reproduction (l species), teratogenicity (2 species), residue chemistry
data, updated Confidential Statements of Formula and product chemistry
- On April 23, 1986 a notice announcing the availability of the draft PD
2/3/4 was published in the Federal Register.
- The Agency is issuing a Notice of Intent to Cancel all pesticide products
containing carbon tetrachloride based on oncogenic risk and other effects in
laboratory animals. This notice cancels all carbon tetrachloride
registrations already suspended for non-compliance with the above mentioned
Data-Call-In Notice. The use on encased museum specimens, which was not
subject to the March 1984 Data Call-In, will be allowed to continue because
the current label instructions are sufficient to reduce applicator exposure
so that the benefits outweighed the risks.
- Significant data are available which suggest that carbon tetrachloride
poses significant health and environmental hazards.
- Has been shown to pose acute and subacute poisoning risks.
- Has been shown to cause oncogenic effects in laboratory animals.
- May contribute to the breakdown of the atmosphere's ozone layer.
6. CONTACT PERSON AT EPA
Douglas G. McKinney
Office of Pesticide Programs
401 M Street, S.W.
Washington, D.C. 20460
DISCLAIMER: THE INFORMATION IN THIS CHEMICAL INFORMATION SHEET IS FOR
INFORMATIONAL PURPOSES ONLY AND MAY NOT BE USED TO FULFILL DATA
REQUIREMENTS FOR PESTICIDE REGISTRATION OR REREGISTRATION.