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bordeaux Chemical Profile 1/85

                                      Bordeaux

      CHEMICAL NAME:      Mixture of hydrated lime and copper sulfate; or
                          as produced for example, a fixed copper fungicide
                          with 12.75% copper (elemental) content (56).

      TRADE NAME(S):      Bordeaux Mixture (48)

      FORMULATION(S):     Metallic copper 12.75%.  Many variations (48).

      TYPE:               Mixture of hydrated lime and copper sulfate (48).

      BASIC PRODUCER(S):  Chemical Formulators, Inc.
                          2045 Pechtree Rd., N.E., Suite 200
                          Atlanta, GA 30309

      STATUS:             General use

      PRINCIPAL USES:  Protective fungicide for diseases of fruits,
      vegetables and ornamentals.  Repellent against insects, especially
      potato leafhopper.  Today largely replaced by organic chemicals (48).


                                   I.  EFFICACY

           To be developed.

                             II.  PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

      PHYSICAL STATE:     Pale blue powder (26)

      SOLUBILITY:         Insoluble in water (26)


                          III.  HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

      OSHA STANDARD:  NA

      NIOSH RECOMMENDED LIMIT:  NA

      ACGIH RECOMMENDED LIMIT:  NA

      TOXICOLOGY

           A.  ACUTE TOXICITY

               DERMAL:  LD50 = >1,000 mg/kg (12)

               ORAL:  LD50 = 300 mg/kg (12)

           B.  SUB-CHRONIC AND CHRONIC TOXICITY:

           To be developed.


                        IV.  ENVIRONMENTAL  CONSIDERATIONS

           Nonhazardous to honey bees.  Plum and peach trees injured
      especially during low temperatures (48).


                      V.  EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES

           The chemical information provided below has been condensed
      from original source documents, primarily from "Recognition and
      Management of Pesticide Poisonings", 3rd ed. by Donald P.  Morgan,
      which have been footnoted.  This information has been provided in
      this form for your convenience and general guidance only.  In
      specific cases, further consultation and reference may be required
      and is recommended.  This information is not intended as a sub-
      stitute for a more exhaustive review of the literature nor for the
      judgement of a physician or other trained professional.

           If poisoning is suspected, do not wait for symptoms to develop.
      Contact a physician, the nearest hospital, or the nearest Poison
      Control Center.

           To be developed.


                        VI.  FIRE AND EXPLOSION INFORMATION

           To be developed.


                                VII.  COMPATIBILITY

           Incompatible with most other pesticides.  Highly corrosive (48).
      It is incompatible with alkali-sensitive pesticides such as
      organophosphorus compounds or carbamates.  It must not be prepared in
      metal vessels (26).


                            VIII.  PROTECTIVE MEASURES

           To be developed.


                       IX.  PROCEDURES FOR SPILLS AND LEAKS

                     IN CASE OF EMERGENCY, CALL, DAY OR NIGHT
                                  (800) 424-9300
                      PESTICIDE TEAM SAFETY NETWORK/CHEMTREC


                               X.  LITERATURE CITED

      12.  Smith, W.G., G.M. Wilson, J.E. Dewey and R.F. Pendleton, eds.
               1983.  1984 New York State pesticide recommendations.
               Cornell Univ., Ithaca, NY.  473 pp.

      26.  The Pesticide Manual:  A World Compendium, 6th ed.  1979.  C. R.
               Worthing, ed.  The British Crop Protection Council, Croydon,
               England.  655 pp.

      48.  Harding, W.C.  1979-80.  Pesticide profiles, part two:  fungicides
               and nematicides.  Univ. Maryland, Coop. Ext. Service Bull.
               283, 22 pp.

      56.  Farm Chemicals Handbook, 70th ed.  1984.  R. T. Meister, G. L.
               Berg, C. Sine, S. Meister, and J. Poplyk, eds.  Meister
               Publishing Co., Willoughby, OH.

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