Sulfur - Chemical Profile 1/85
CHEMICAL NAME: Sulfur
TRADE NAME(S): Cosan, Hexasul, Kolo, Kolodust, Kolospray, Thiolux
FORMULATION(S): Wettable or dispersible, dusts, 50% colloidal paste
TYPE: Inorganic fungicide-miticide
BASIC PRODUCER(S): FMC Corp. Stauffer Chemical Co.
Agricultural Chemical Group Nyala Farm Road
2000 Market Street Westport, CT 06880
Philadelphia, PA 19103
STATUS: General use
PRINCIPAL USES: Effective for control of a variety of plant diseases-
brown rot of peaches, apple scab, peanut leafspot, mildew on roses,
powdery mildew on ornamentals, grapes, peaches, and other crops; rusts,
fleahoppers, and controls mites on tomatoes, carrots, alfalfa, melons,
and beans (56).
To be developed.
II. PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
MOLECULAR FORMULA: Sx
MOLECULAR WEIGHT: 32.06 x (26)
PHYSICAL STATE: Yellow solid; it exists in allotropic forms including
rhombic and monoclinic (26).
MELTING POINT: 115 C; 112.8 C (rhombic form); 119 C (monoclinic
VAPOR PRESSURE: 3.96 x 10-6 mmHg at 30.4 C (26)
SOLUBILITY: Practically insoluble in water (26)
III. HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION
OSHA STANDARD: NA
NIOSH RECOMMENDED LIMIT: NA
ACGIH RECOMMENDED LIMIT: NA
A. ACUTE TOXICITY
DERMAL: Relatively nontoxic. May slightly irritate skin (6).
ORAL: Relatively nontoxic (6).
INHALATION: Relatively nontoxic (6).
B. SUBACUTE AND CHRONIC TOXICITY:
To be developed.
IV. ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS
Nonhazardous to fish, birds, and wildlife. Rated nonhazardous to
honey bees by USDA. Some phytotoxicity at high temperatures (48).
V. EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES
The chemical information provided below has been condensed
from original source documents, primarily from "Recognition and
Management of Pesticide Poisonings", 3rd ed. by Donald P. Morgan,
which have been footnoted. This information has been provided in
this form for your convenience and general guidance only. In
specific cases, further consultation and reference may be required
and is recommended. This information is not intended as a sub-
stitute for a more exhaustive review of the literature nor for the
judgement of a physician or other trained professional.
If poisoning is suspected, do not wait for symptoms to develop.
Contact a physician, the nearest hospital, or the nearest Poison
Nontoxic to mammals (4).
VI. FIRE AND EXPLOSION INFORMATION
To be developed.
Do not combine with oil sprays or apply immediately before or
after an oil spray. Compatible with other fungicides and insecticides
VIII. PROTECTIVE MEASURES
STORAGE AND HANDLING: Store away from sparks, fire, flame. Isolate from
oxidizing materials (56).
IX. PROCEDURES FOR SPILLS AND LEAKS
IN CASE OF EMERGENCY, CALL, DAY OR NIGHT
PESTICIDE TEAM SAFETY NETWORK/CHEMTREC
X. LITERATURE CITED
4. Frear, D.E.H. 1965. Pesticide index, 3rd ed. College Science
Publ., State College, PA. 295 pp.
6. Farm Chemicals Handbook, 66th ed. 1980. G. L. Berg, C. Sine,
S. Meister, and H. Shephard, eds. Meister Publ. Co.,
26. The Pesticide Manual: A World Compendium, 6th ed. 1979. C. R.
Worthing, ed. The British Crop Protection Council, Croydon,
England. 655 pp.
48. Harding, W.C. 1979-80. Pesticide profiles, part two: fungicides
and nematicides. Univ. Maryland, Coop. Ext. Service Bull.
283, 22 pp.
56. Farm Chemicals Handbook, 70th ed. 1984. R. T. Meister, G. L.
Berg, C. Sine, S. Meister, and J. Poplyk, eds. Meister
Publishing Co., Willoughby, OH.