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Sulfur - Chemical Profile 1/85

                                       sulfur

      CHEMICAL NAME:      Sulfur

      TRADE NAME(S):      Cosan, Hexasul, Kolo, Kolodust, Kolospray, Thiolux
                          (48)

      FORMULATION(S):     Wettable or dispersible, dusts, 50% colloidal paste
                          solution (48)

      TYPE:               Inorganic fungicide-miticide

      BASIC PRODUCER(S):  FMC Corp.                     Stauffer Chemical Co.
                          Agricultural Chemical Group   Nyala Farm Road
                          2000 Market Street            Westport, CT 06880
                          Philadelphia, PA 19103

      STATUS:             General use

      PRINCIPAL USES:  Effective for control of a variety of plant diseases-
      brown rot of peaches, apple scab, peanut leafspot, mildew on roses,
      powdery mildew on ornamentals, grapes, peaches, and other crops; rusts,
      fleahoppers, and controls mites on tomatoes, carrots, alfalfa, melons,
      and beans (56).

                                   I.  EFFICACY

           To be developed.

                             II.  PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

      MOLECULAR FORMULA:  Sx

      MOLECULAR WEIGHT:   32.06 x (26)

      PHYSICAL STATE:     Yellow solid; it exists in allotropic forms including
                          rhombic and monoclinic (26).

      MELTING POINT:      115 C; 112.8 C (rhombic form); 119 C (monoclinic
                          form) (26).

      VAPOR PRESSURE:     3.96 x 10-6 mmHg at 30.4 C (26)

      SOLUBILITY:         Practically insoluble in water (26)

                          III.  HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION

      OSHA STANDARD:  NA

      NIOSH RECOMMENDED LIMIT:  NA

      ACGIH RECOMMENDED LIMIT:  NA

      TOXICOLOGY

           A.  ACUTE TOXICITY

               DERMAL:  Relatively nontoxic.  May slightly irritate skin (6).

               ORAL:    Relatively nontoxic (6).

               INHALATION:  Relatively nontoxic (6).

           B.  SUBACUTE AND CHRONIC TOXICITY:

           To be developed.

                        IV.  ENVIRONMENTAL  CONSIDERATIONS

           Nonhazardous to fish, birds, and wildlife.  Rated nonhazardous to
      honey bees by USDA.  Some phytotoxicity at high temperatures (48).

                      V.  EMERGENCY AND FIRST AID PROCEDURES

           The chemical information provided below has been condensed
      from original source documents, primarily from "Recognition and
      Management of Pesticide Poisonings", 3rd ed. by Donald P.  Morgan,
      which have been footnoted.  This information has been provided in
      this form for your convenience and general guidance only.  In
      specific cases, further consultation and reference may be required
      and is recommended.  This information is not intended as a sub-
      stitute for a more exhaustive review of the literature nor for the
      judgement of a physician or other trained professional.

           If poisoning is suspected, do not wait for symptoms to develop.
      Contact a physician, the nearest hospital, or the nearest Poison
      Control Center.

           Nontoxic to mammals (4).

                        VI.  FIRE AND EXPLOSION INFORMATION

           To be developed.

                                VII.  COMPATIBILITY

           Do not combine with oil sprays or apply immediately before or
      after an oil spray.  Compatible with other fungicides and insecticides
      (48).

                            VIII.  PROTECTIVE MEASURES

      STORAGE AND HANDLING:  Store away from sparks, fire, flame.  Isolate from
      oxidizing materials (56).

                       IX.  PROCEDURES FOR SPILLS AND LEAKS

                     IN CASE OF EMERGENCY, CALL, DAY OR NIGHT
                                  (800) 424-9300
                      PESTICIDE TEAM SAFETY NETWORK/CHEMTREC

                               X.  LITERATURE CITED

       4.  Frear, D.E.H.  1965.  Pesticide index, 3rd ed.  College Science
               Publ., State College, PA.  295 pp.

       6.  Farm Chemicals Handbook, 66th ed.  1980.  G. L. Berg, C. Sine,
               S. Meister, and H. Shephard, eds.  Meister Publ. Co.,
               Willoughby, OH.

      26.  The Pesticide Manual:  A World Compendium, 6th ed.  1979.  C. R.
               Worthing, ed.  The British Crop Protection Council, Croydon,
               England.  655 pp.

      48.  Harding, W.C.  1979-80.  Pesticide profiles, part two:  fungicides
               and nematicides.  Univ. Maryland, Coop. Ext. Service Bull.
               283, 22 pp.

      56.  Farm Chemicals Handbook, 70th ed.  1984.  R. T. Meister, G. L.
               Berg, C. Sine, S. Meister, and J. Poplyk, eds.  Meister
               Publishing Co., Willoughby, OH.

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