dithiopyr (Dimension) NYSDEC Conditional Registration 12/93
New York State Department of Environmental Conservation
50 Wolf Road, Albany, New York 12233
DEC 30 1993
RETURN RECEIPT REQUESTED
Mr. Stephen A. Adams
Senior Registration Specialist
800 N. Lindbergh Boulevard
St. Louis, MO 63167
Dear Mr. Adams:
Re: Registration of Dimension Turf Herbicide (EPA Req. No. 524-431)
Monsanto submitted to this Department an application to register
Dimension Turf Herbicide (EPA Reg. No. 524-431), containing the active
ingredient dithiopyr on September 12, 1991. Dimension is an herbicide
for control of annual grasses and broadleaf weeds on turfgrasses in
lawns and ornamental turf.
This Department and the New York State Department of Health have
reviewed all of the information submitted in support of this
registration. We are concerned about potential impacts on ground water,
particularly in vulnerable areas of this state. Laboratory and field
studies do not adequately define the leaching characteristics of
dithiopyr and its metabolites. Modeling results and calculations (based
upon field studies) performed by the Department of Health indicate that
groundwater concentrations of dithiopyr and its metabolites could
approach or exceed the potential groundwater standard of 25 micrograms
per liter (mcg/L (dithiopyr) and 50 mcg/L (each metabolite). The
metabolites of dithiopyr are expected to be mobile in soils and results
of the California field dissipation study support our concern that soil
sampling alone cannot be used to define the leaching potential of
soluble chemicals. Concerns about potential impacts on groundwater are
heightened by dithiopyr's relatively high toxic potency (demonstrated in
chronic animal feeding studies) and the lack of chronic toxicity studies
for its metabolites.
In view of the above, the Department will approve a conditional
restricted use registration of Dimension. This product is classified as
a restricted use pesticide due to the statement on the federal label
"Professional Turf Applicator Use Only" and because there are
outstanding environmental fate concerns to be addressed by the
As a condition of registration:
1. Dimension Turf Herbicide is not to be sold, distributed, or used on
Long Island due to its high population density which is exclusively
dependent upon groundwater as a source of drinking water, porous
soil conditions, and vulnerable aquifer. Monsanto must provide a
label to this Department noting that Dimension Turf Herbicide is not
for use on Long Island prior to marketing this product within New
York State. This label can be either an amended federal label, or a
special local need label for registration only in New York State.
2. Monsanto must conduct a field lysimeter study (leachate and soil
sampling), under soil type and conditions to be specified in advance
by this Department, to address remaining concerns about potential
ground water contamination. Prior to initiation of said study,
protocols must be approved by this Department. Upon completion and
review of the study, the registration of Dimension in New York State
will be re-evaluated.
3. Monsanto must provide this Department with a copy of the final
results, when available, of the MON 13200 aquatic plant study, which
the registrant is using to support the contention that aquatic
macrophytes will not demonstrate a greater sensitivity than algae to
In the event that Monsanto does not wish to have the label use
directions reflect the Long Island prohibitions, this Department is
prepared to promulgate a rule reflecting this limitation. If this option
is to be pursued, the registration will be issued upon the final rule
taking effect. A rulemaking process could be expected to take nine
months to one year.
Since this product is classified as a restricted use pesticide,
please note that New York State Environmental Conservation Law (ECL) 33-
0901.1 states that: "A commercial permit is required for the
distribution, sale, offer for sale, purchase for the purpose of resale
or possession for the purpose of resale of a restricted use pesticide."
A review of our records indicates that Monsanto does not possess a
currently valid Commercial Permit.
If Monsanto proposes to sell or offer for sale any restricted use
pesticide to any person within New York State, a commercial permit is
required for both Monsanto and the purchaser. ECL 33-0905.1 further
states that: "Any person who engages in...the sale of restricted use
pesticides shall be certified by the Commissioner..." Commercial permit
holders must employ or retain under contract at least one person who is
certified in New York State for the application of restricted use
Information is enclosed pertaining to commercial permits in New
York State along with an application form for your convenience.
Questions regarding commercial permits and certification should be
directed to Ms. Marilyn DuBois, Chief, Bureau of Pesticide Regulation at
The approved label is the federally registered label as submitted
with the addition of a restriction prohibiting sale, distribution or use
on Long Island. Enclosed is the Certificate of Pesticide Registration.
Please supply this office with the requested label.
Norman H. Nosenchuck, P.E.
Division of Hazardous Substances
cc: w/encls.- D. Rutz - Cornell
w/encls.- D. Rapp - N.Y.S. Dept. of Ag. and Mrkts.