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oxyfluorfen (Goal) Herbicide Profile 3/85


      CHEMICAL name:      2-chloro-1-(3-ethoxy-4-nitrophenoxy)-4-
                          (trifluoromethyl) benzene (58)

      TRADE name(S):      Goal (58)

      FORMULATION(S):     Emulsifiable concentrate, 1.6 E, 2 E; granular
                          formulations (56).

      TYPE:               Herbicide

      BASIC PRODUCER(S):  Rohm and Haas Co.
                          Independence Mall West
                          Philadelphia, PA 19105

      STATUS:             General use

      PRINCIPAL USES:  For selective pre- and postdirected control of a
      wide spectrum of annual broadleaf weeds and grasses in soybeans, corn
      (witchweed control), cotton, tree fruits, grapes, nuts, spearmint,
      peppermint, and many tropical plantation and ornamental crops (56).

      APPLICATION METHOD(S):  Preemergence in both conventional tillage and
      no-till soybeans; preemergence and postemergence for corn (witchweed
      control), deciduous fruit trees, nuts and grapes; and directed
      postemergence for soybean and corn (58).

                                    I.  EFFICACY

      Important Weeds Controlled:  Lambsquarters, purslane, ragweed,
      groundsel, henbit, malva, jimsonweed, smartweed, prickly sida, pigweed,
      velvetleaf, mustard, barnyardgrass, crabgrass, foxtails, seedling
      Johnsongrass and others.  Also controls witchweed.  Controls cheeseweed
      up to 10" high (8b).

                              II.  PHYSICAL PROPERTIES

      MOLECULAR FORMULA:  C15 H11 Cl F3 NO4 (58)

      MOLECULAR WEIGHT:   361.7 (58)

      PHYSICAL STATE:     Solid at room temperature, deep red-brown (pure
                          compound) (58).

      ODOR:               Faint characteristic "smoky" odor (pure compound)

      MELTING POINT:      65 to 80 C (pure compound) (58)

      DECOMPOSITION TEMPERATURE:  250 to 300 C (pure compound) (58).

      VAPOR PRESSURE:     2 x 10-6 mmHg at 25 C (pure compound) (58).

      SOLUBILITY:         0.1 ppm (pure compound) (58)

                          III.  HEALTH HAZARD INFORMATION





           A.  ACUTE TOXICITY

               DERMAL:  Primary skin irritation - rabbit, slight, generally
                          disappearing by 72 hr. (58).
                        LD50 = >10,000 mg/kg (rabbit) (56).

               ORAL:    LD50 = >5,000 mg/kg (techncial; rat, dog) (58).


           Rats - 90 day feeding, no effect dietary level was 1000 ppm or 65
      and 85 mg/kg per day for male and female rats.

           Dogs - 90 day feeding, no effect dietary level was 40 ppm or 16
      mg/kg per day (58).

                         IV.  ENVIRONMENTAL CONSIDERATIONS

      Behavior In Or On Soils

      1.   Adsorption and leaching characteristics in basic soil types:  Is
             strongly adsorbed on soil, not readily desorbed, and shows
             negligible leaching.


           Faduyomi, Omosuyi and G.F. Warren.  1977.  Adsorption, desorption,
                and leaching of nitrofen and oxyfluorfen.  Weed Sci

      2.   Microbial breakdown:  Preliminary results indicate that microbial
             degradation is not a major factor.
      3.   Loss from photodecomposition and/or volatilization:
             Photodecomposition of oxyfluorofen in water is rapid and on
             soil is slow.
      4.   Resultant average persistence at recommended rates.  Oxyfluorofen
             residues do not persist in the environment.  The half life is
             about 30 to 40 days (58).

           Oxyfluorfen is toxic to fish and upland gamebirds but not to
      waterfowl (58).


           The chemical information provided below has been condensed from
      original source documents, primarily from "Recognition and Management
      of Pesticide Poisonings", 3rd ed. by Donald P.  Morgan, which have been
      footnoted.  This information has been provided in this form for your
      convenience and general guidance only.  In specific cases, further
      consultation and reference may be required and is recommended.  This
      information is not intended as a substitute for a more exhaustive
      review of the literature nor for the judgement of a physician or other
      trained professional.

           If poisoning is suspected, do not wait for symptoms to develop.
      Contact a physician, the nearest hospital, or the nearest Poison
      Control Center.

      SYMPTOMS OF POISONING:  Causes eye and skin irritation (58).

           SKIN CONTACT:  Wash with plenty of soap and water.  Get medical
                          attention (43c).

           INGESTION:     Do not induce vomiting (EC formulation).  Call a
                          physician (58).

           EYE CONTACT:   Immediately flush eyes with plenty of water for at
                          least 15 minutes.  Call a physician (58).

                        VI.  FIRE AND EXPLOSION INFORMATION

           The EC formulation is combustible; do not smoke while using.
      Keep concentrate away from heat and open flame.  No such hazards with
      granular or wettable formulations (58).

                                VII.  COMPATIBILITY

           Compatible with most other pesticides when used at normal rates.
      Noncorrosive under normal use conditions (58).

                             VIII.  PROTECTIVE MEASURES

      STORAGE AND HANDLING:  There are no special storage problems under
      normal ambient conditions.  Storage at high temperature (>50 C) should
      be avoided.  Do not store near feed or food products.  Do not get in
      eyes (58).

                        IX.  PROCEDURES FOR SPILLS AND LEAKS

                      IN CASE OF EMERGENCY, CALL, DAY OR NIGHT
                                   (800) 424-9300

                               X.  LITERATURE CITED

       8b. Thomson, W.T.  1981.  Agricultural chemicals - book 2:
               herbicides.  Revised ed.  Thomson Publications, Fresno, CA.
               274 pp.

      43c. Rohm and Haas Company.  1981.  Specimen label:  Goal 2E.
               Philadelphia, PA.

      56.  Farm Chemicals Handbook, 70th ed.  1984.  R. T. Meister, G. L.
               Berg, C. Sine, S. Meister, and J. Poplyk, eds.  Meister
               Publishing Co., Willoughby, OH.

      58.  Weed Science Society of America, Herbicide Handbook Committee.
               1983.  Herbicide handbook of the weed science society of
               America, 5th ed.  Weed Science Society of America, Champaign,
               IL.  515 pp.