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Methyl Parathion (Penncap-M) - Availability of Revised Risk Assessments 8/99


[Federal Register: August 13, 1999 (Volume 64, Number 156)]
[Notices]
[Page 44219-44220]
From the Federal Register Online via GPO Access [wais.access.gpo.gov]
[DOCID:fr13au99-72]

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ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION AGENCY

[OPP-34161B; FRL-6093-4]

Organophosphate Pesticide: Methyl Parathion; Availability of
Revised Risk Assessments and Public Participation on Risk Management

AGENCY: Environmental Protection Agency (EPA).

ACTION: Notice.

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SUMMARY: This notices announces the availability of the revised risk
assessments and related documents for one organophosphate pesticide,
methyl parathion. In addition, this notice starts a 60-day public
participation period during which the public is encouraged to submit
risk management ideas. These actions are in response to a joint
initiative between EPA and the Department of Agriculture to increase
transparency in the tolerance reassessment process for organophosphate
pesticides. Although methyl parathion is beginning the 60-public
participation process, to address dietary risk from food, the Agency
has accepted voluntary cancellation of uses on crops that contributed
most to children's diet. These canceled uses represent 90% of the
dietary risk to children. Removal of these crops brings the acute
dietary risk from food to below levels of concern (78% of the
population adjusted dose). The agreement was signed and became
effective August 2, 1999, with the basic producers of methyl parathion.

DATES: Comments, identified by docket control number OPP-34161B, must
be received by EPA on or before October 12, 1999.

ADDRESSES: Comments may be submitted by mail, electronically, or in
person. Please follow the detailed instructions for each method as
provided in Unit III. of the "SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION" section. To
ensure proper receipt by EPA, it is imperative that you identify docket
control number OPP-34161B in the subject line on the first page of your
response.

FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT: Karen Angulo, Special Review and
Reregistration Division (7508C), Office of Pesticide Programs,
Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M St., SW., Washington, DC 20460;
telephone number: (703) 308-8004; e-mail address: angulo.karen@epa.gov.

SUPPLEMENTARY INFORMATION:

I. Does this Action Apply to Me?

    This action is directed to the public in general, nevertheless, a
wide range of stakeholders will be interested in obtaining the revised
risk assessments and submitting risk management comments on methyl
parathion, including environmental, human health, and agricultural
advocates; the chemical industry; pesticide users; and members of the
public interested in the use of pesticides on food. As such, the Agency
has not attempted to specifically describe all the entities potentially
affected by this action. If you have any questions regarding the
applicability of this action to a particular entity, consult the person
listed in the "FOR FURTHER INFORMATION CONTACT" section.

II. How Can I Get Additional Information, Including Copies of this
Document or Other Related Documents?

A. Electronically

    You may obtain electronic copies of this document and other related
documents from the EPA Internet Home Page at <http://www.epa.gov/>. To
access this document, on the Home Page select "Laws and Regulations"
and then look up the entry for this document under the "Federal
Register--Environmental Documents." You can also go directly to the
Federal Register listings at <http://www.epa.gov/fedrgstr/>.
    To access information about organophosphate pesticides and obtain
electronic copies of the revised risk assessments and related documents
mentioned in this notice, you can also go directly to the Home Page for
the Office of Pesticide Programs (OPP) at <http://www.epa.gov/pesticides/op/>.

B. In Person

    The Agency has established an official record for this action under
docket control number OPP-34161B. The official record consists of the
documents specifically referenced in this action, any public comments
received during an applicable comment period, and other information
related to this action, including any information claimed as
Confidential Business Information (CBI). This official record includes
the documents that are physically located in the docket, as well as the
documents that are referenced in those documents. The public version of
the official record does not include any information claimed as CBI.
The public version of the official record, which includes printed,
paper versions of any electronic comments submitted during an
applicable comment period, is available for inspection in Rm. 119,
Crystal Mall #2, 1921 Jefferson Davis Hwy., Arlington, VA, from 8:30
a.m. to 4 p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The
Public Information and Records Integrity Branch (PIRIB) telephone
number is (703) 305-5805.

III. How Can I Respond to this Action?

A. How and to Whom Do I Submit Comments?

    You may submit comments through the mail, in person, or
electronically. To ensure proper receipt by EPA, you must identify
docket control number OPP-34161B in the subject line on the first page
of your response.
    1. By mail. Submit comments to: Public Information and Records
Integrity Branch, Information Resources and Services Division (7502C),
Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental Protection Agency, 401 M
St., SW., Washington, DC 20460.
    2. In person or by courier. Deliver comments to: Public Information
and Records Integrity Branch, Information Resources and Services
Division (7502C), Office of Pesticide Programs, Environmental
Protection Agency, Rm. 119, Crystal Mall #2, 1921 Jefferson Davis Hwy.,
Arlington, VA. The Document Control Office (DCO) is open 8 a.m. to 4
p.m., Monday through Friday, excluding legal holidays. The PIRIB
telephone number is (703) 305-5805.
    3. Electronically. Submit electronic comments by e-mail to: "opp-
docket@epa.gov," or you may mail or deliver your standard computer
disk using the addresses in this unit. Do not submit any information
electronically that you consider to be CBI. Electronic comments must be
submitted as an ASCII file, avoiding the use of special characters and
any form of encryption. Comments and data will also be accepted on
standard computer disks in WordPerfect 5.1/6.1 or ASCII file format.
All comments in electronic form must be identified by the docket
control number OPP-34161B. Electronic comments may also be filed online
at many Federal Depository Libraries.

[[Page 44220]]

B. How Should I Handle CBI Information that I Want to Submit to the
Agency?

    Do not submit any information electronically that you consider to
be CBI. You may claim information that you submit to EPA in response to
this document as CBI by marking any part or all of that information as
CBI. Information so marked will not be disclosed except in accordance
with procedures set forth in 40 CFR part 2. In addition to one complete
version of the comment that includes any information claimed as CBI, a
copy of the comment that does not contain the information claimed as
CBI must be submitted for inclusion in the public version of the

official record. Information not marked confidential will be included
in the public version of the official record without prior notice. If
you have any questions about CBI or the procedures for claiming CBI,
please consult the person listed in the "FOR FURTHER INFORMATION
CONTACT" section.

IV. What Action is EPA Taking in this Notice?

     EPA is making available for public viewing the revised risk
assessments and related documents for one organophosphate, methyl
parathion. These documents have been developed as part of the pilot
public participation process that EPA and USDA are now using for
involving the public in the reassessment of pesticide tolerances under
the Food Quality Protection Act (FQPA), and the reregistration of
individual organophosphate pesticides under the Federal Insecticide,
Fungicide, and Rodenticide Act (FIFRA). The pilot public participation
process was developed as part of the EPA-USDA Tolerance Reassessment
Advisory Committee (TRAC), which was established in April 1998, as a
subcommittee under the auspices of EPA's National Advisory Council for
Environmental Policy and Technology. A goal of the pilot public
participation process is to find a more effective way for the public to
participate at critical junctures in the Agency's development of
organophosphate risk assessments and risk management decisions. EPA and
USDA began implementing this pilot process in August 1998, to increase
transparency and opportunities for stakeholder consultation. The
documents being released to the public through this notice provide
information on the revisions that were made to the methyl parathion
preliminary risk assessments, which where released to the public August
10, 1998 (63 FR 43175) (FRL-6024-3), December 18, 1998 (63 FR 70126)
(FRL-6052-6), and January 15, 1999 (64 FR 2644) (FRL-6056-9), through
notices in the Federal Register.
    To address dietary risk from food, the Agency has accepted
voluntary cancellation of uses on crops that contributed most to
children's diet. These canceled uses represent 90% of the dietary risk
to children. Removal of these crops brings the acute dietary risk from
food to below levels of concern (78% of the population adjusted dose).
The agreement was signed August 2, 1999, with the basic producers of
methyl parathion. Specific terms of the agreement include:
    Canceled uses--children's food: All fruit uses (apples, cherries,
grapes, nectarines, peaches, pears, and plums); carrots, succulent
beans, succulent peas, and tomatoes;
    Other canceled food uses: Artichokes, broccoli, brussels sprouts,
cauliflower, celery, collards, kale, kohlrabi, lettuce, mustard greens,
rutabagas, spinach, and turnips;
    Canceled non-food uses: Ornamental plants, grasses grown for seed,
mosquito use, and nursery stock.
    Uses remaining: Alfalfa, almonds, barley, beets, cabbage, corn,
cotton, dried beans, dried peas, grass, hops, lentils, oats, onions,
pecans, rape seed, sugar (canola), rice, rye, soybeans, sunflower,
sweet potato, walnuts, wheat, and white potato.
    The cancellation of uses will take effect prior to the next growing
season. Methyl parathion application for the canceled uses will be
prohibited for the 2000 growing season.
    Also, risk to handlers and re-entry workers exceed the Agency's
level of concern. Cancellation of all fruits and many vegetables will
reduce risks to workers. For many of the remaining uses, methyl
parathion is applied aerially and these crops are typically not hand-
harvested. Also, per the agreement, all non-agricultural uses of methyl
parathion will be canceled. Prior to the next growing season,
registrants have agreed to increase the reentry intervals to 4-5 days
from 2 days.
    For the 2001 growing season, the registrants have agreed to use
enclosed cabs and cockpits, and closed mixing and loading systems.
Registrants will also generate data to address uncertainties in the
Agency's occupational risk assessment.
    In addition, this notice starts a 60-day public participation
period during which the public is encouraged to comment on risk
management for methyl parathion. The Agency is providing an
opportunity, through this notice, for interested parties to provide
written risk management ideas to the Agency on the chemical specified
in this notice. The public may comment on the Agency's risk management
position, which will be reflected in the documents associated with the
revised risk assessments.
    EPA will provide other opportunities for public participation and
comment on issues associated with the organophosphate tolerance
reassessment program. Failure to participate or comment as part of this
opportunity will in no way prejudice or limit a commentor's opportunity
to participate fully in later notice and comment processes. All
comments and proposals must be received by EPA on or before October 12,
1999 at the addresses given under the "ADDRESSES" section. Comments
and proposals will become part of the Agency record for the
organophosphate specified in this notice.

List of Subjects

     Environmental protection, Chemicals, Pesticides and pests.

    Dated: August 6, 1999.

Lois Rossi,

Director, Special Review and Reregistration Division, Office of
Pesticide Programs.

[FR Doc. 99-20873 Filed 8-12-99; 8:45 am]
BILLING CODE 6560-50-F